Monday, 29 September 2014

Geographical names in Sicily

Sicily's history is reflected in the various names of the cities. Here is a selection of geographical names in Italian, Sicilian, English, Latin and Greek
  • Agrigento (Sicilian: Girgenti, Ancient Greek: Akragas (Ἀκράγας), Latin: Agrigentum, Arabic: Kirkent or Jirjent)
  • Agrigentum, Latin for Agrigento
  • Akragas (Ἀκράγας), Ancient Greek for Agrigento
  • Baarìa, Sicilian for Bagheria (also the title of a film by Giuseppe Tornatore)
  • Balarm, Arabic for Palermo
  • Castrogiovanni (until 1926 Enna was known as Castrogiovanni)
  • Castrugiuvanni, Sicilian for Enna
  • Cefalù (Sicilian: Cifalù, Greek: Κεφαλοίδιον, Diod., Strabo, or Κεφαλοιδὶς, Ptol.; Latin: Cephaloedium, or Cephaloedis)
  • Cephaloedium or Cephaloedis, Latin for Cefalù
  • Cifalù, Sicilian for Cefalù
  • Enna (Sicilian: Castrugiuvanni; Greek: Ἔννα; Latin: Henna and less frequently Haenna). Until 1926 the town was known as Castrogiovanni.
  • Girgenti, Sicilian for Agrigento
  • Henna / Haenna, Latin for Enna
  • Hyspicae Fundus, Latin for Ispica
  • Ispica (Sicilian: Spaccafurnu, Latin: Hyspicae Fundus)
  • Jirjent, Arabic for Agrigento (also: Kirkent)
  • Kefaloidion or Kefaloidis (Κεφαλοίδιον / Κεφαλοιδὶς), Greek for Cefalù
  • Kirkent, Arabic for Agrigento (also: Jirjent)
  • Noto (Sicilian: Notu; Latin: Netum)
  • Notu, Sicilian for Notu
  • Netum, Latin for Noto
  • Palermo (Sicilian: Palermu, Latin: Panormus, from Greek: Πάνορμος, Panormos, Arabic: Balarm, Phoenician: Ziz)
  • Palermu, Sicilian for Palermo
  • Panormos (Πάνορμος), Greek for Palermo
  • Panormus, Latin for Palermo (from Greek: Πάνορμος, Panormos)
  • Sarausa, Sicilian for Siracusa
  • Siracusa (English: Syracuse, Latin: Syracusæ, Ancient Greek: Syrakousai (Συράκουσαι), Medieval Greek: Συρακοῦσαι, Sicilian: Sarausa)
  • Spaccafurnu, Sicilian for Ispica
  • Syracuse, English for Siracusa
  • Syracusæ, Latin for Siracusa
  • Syrakousai (Συράκουσαι), Ancient Greek for Siracusa
  • Syrakousai (Συρακοῦσαι), Medieval Greek for Siracusa
  • Taormina (Sicilian: Taurmina, Greek: Ταυρομένιον Tauromenion, Latin: Tauromenium)
  • Taurmina, Sicilian for Taormina
  • Tauromenion (Ταυρομένιον), Greek for Taormina
  • Tauromenium, Latin for Taormina
  • Ziz, Phoenician for Palermo


Links
Return to Wondersofsicily.net (the blog)
Wondersofsicily.com (the web site)

Tuesday, 23 September 2014

Woods in Sicily

Sicily once full of trees? Actually yes. It is hard to believe for anyone having visited Sicily that the island once was well wooded, even throughout the Middle Ages. Sicily was the most wooded area of Magna Graecia (the coastal areas of Southern Italy on the Tarentine Gulf that were extensively colonized by Greek settlers). It it not clear when the forests disappeared, but by the 17th century, there was not enough timber for local consumption.


Links
Return to Wondersofsicily.net (the blog)
Wondersofsicily.com (the web site)

Sunday, 14 September 2014

The Baroque Architecture of Sicily (Maria Giuffre and Melo Minnella)

I just received  "The Baroque Architecture of Sicily" by Maria Giuffre and with magnificent photos by Melo Minnella. Have I ever been more impressed by a book? I don't think so. The marvels of Sicilian Baroque—the dramatic power of its architecture and the emotional power of its decorative art - are well known. Numerous studies, most of them in Italian, have been made, ranging from a focus on the major Sicilian towns or on architectural themes like churches and villas to an examination of its chronology, but none of these gives a comprehensive view.

This book looks at the subject from a difference perspective, defining what makes the Baroque of Sicily distinctive. How does it differ from the Baroque in other countries and in other Italian regions, such as Rome and Piedmont? How was it possible to impose that particular character upon churches and palaces, sculpture and painting? What was the role of cities such as Palermo and Catania, and smaller towns like Noto? To what extent did it absorb styles from abroad?